Treatments for Foot Pain
Treatments for foot pain can vary, depending on the underlying cause or condition. The experts at Balcones Pain Consultants can help you treat certain causes of foot pain with gentle exercises and stretching techniques and can recommend supportive lifestyle changes such as proper footwear or dietary changes. In cases when the pain is ongoing or severe, Balcones Pain Consultants can treat foot pain with braces, targeted physical therapy, oral or topical medications, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, joint or epidural steroid injections, nerve blocks or surgery.
Treating Foot Pain Due to Inflammatory Conditions
Foot pain from tendinitis can be quite debilitating since it interferes with the ability to walk and exercise. Anti-inflammatory medications, including NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), can help reduce the pain and inflammation of tendinitis conditions.
Plantar fasciitis is a form of tendinitis that is common among people with flat feet or high arches, individuals who are overweight or those who work long hours on hard surfaces. For those reasons, treating foot pain from plantar fasciitis involves staying off the feet as much as possible, to give the inflamed tendon a chance to heal. Icing the heel is also effective in reducing pain and inflammation from this condition, as are gentle stretching and physical therapy exercises. Orthopedic footwear with proper arch support can significantly reduce plantar fasciitis pain. Some people with this condition must temporarily wear a walking cast or a positional splint while sleeping, and chronic or severe cases of plantar fasciitis may require surgery.
Foot pain from arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout, can be reduced with NSAIDs. Lifestyle changes focused on reducing weight and increasing rest for the affected foot other important ways to treat foot pain due to arthritis. Steroid injections directly into the affected joints can also help reduce pain, along with orthotic shoe inserts and physical therapy. Certain exercises can help reduce foot pain, while others may exacerbate pain and swelling. For some people with severe foot pain due to arthritis, surgery may be a necessary part of a treatment plan.
Injury and Trauma to the Foot
Treatments for acute or chronic foot pain due to injuries to the foot include splinting, bracing or casting along with crutches, pain medication and physical therapy. Sometimes, treatments for foot pain due to injury include nerve blocks or, in cases of severe fractures, surgery.
Treatments for foot pain due to peripheral neuropathy or diabetic neuropathy involve treating not just the pain itself but also the underlying condition that is causing the nerve damage and related discomfort. Certain medications, such as painkillers and antidepressants, can successfully treat foot pain from neuropathy. Anesthetic skin patches can also provide temporary, localized foot pain relief. In the case of diabetic neuropathy, dietary and lifestyle changes can reduce foot pain associated with this condition. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation can also be an effective treatment for foot pain related to nerve damage.
Since bunions and flatfeet can both be caused and aggravated by wearing ill-fitting, overly tight or too-flat shoes, treatment for foot pain due to these conditions can involve recommending better footwear. Similarly, conditions like hammertoe and mallet toe can be aggravated by poor choices in footwear and may require alternative shoe choices. Foot pain from any of these conditions can be reduced by wearing shoes with better cushioning or arch support, specialized orthopedic footwear or orthotic inserts. As with most cases of foot pain, pain that results from physical malformations of the foot or toes can be temporarily reduced with the use of medications like NSAIDs.
Your caring provider at Balcones Pain Consultants will work with you to develop a specialized treatment plan for reducing or eliminating your foot pain.