Treatments for Knee Pain
Since knee pain causes vary, treatments for knee pain depend on proper diagnosis of the underlying cause or condition. The experts at Balcones Pain Consultants take a compassionate, individualized approach to getting to the bottom of knee pain conditions and developing an effective treatment plan. Rest and weight management are essential to treating knee pain. Further options for treatments for knee pain include braces, oral or topical medications, injections or surgeries.
Treating Knee Pain with Rest and Weight Management
Reduced activity and rest are always an important part of treating knee pain to prevent further damage to the joint, muscles, bones, tendons or ligaments. Similarly, proper diet and weight control are an essential component of treatment, as a higher body weight puts more pressure on the knees, compounding damage to the muscles and joints. Gentle stretches to increase range of motion and exercises to strengthen the knee as well as the core, hip, buttock and leg muscles all play an important role in treating knee pain.
Acupuncture to Treat Knee Pain
Acupuncture, an ancient healing technique of Traditional Chinese Medicine, involves stimulating specific points on the body with extremely fine, sterile needles to promote the natural healing process. This noninvasive technique can be effective at treating knee pain due to conditions such as arthritis and bursitis.
Treating Knee Pain Due to Inflammatory Conditions
Treatment options for arthritic conditions of the knee, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout, include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), DMARDs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs) and other pain and anti-inflammatory medications. Steroid injections can help treat knee pain by reducing swelling and inflammation. Arthritic knee pain can also be successfully treated with less invasive therapies like acupuncture, massage and physical therapy.
Treatment for Knee Pain Due to Repetitive Motion and Other Injuries
When treating knee pain due to an injury or stress from repetitive motion, rest is essential to recovery. Though bursitis and tendinitis are inflammatory conditions, when affecting the knee, they are often caused by repetitive motion injuries. Thus, treating muscle strains, bursitis and tendinitis in the knee requires time away from the sport or activity that caused the injury. Treatment might also involve NSAIDs or other pain medication, cold or heat therapy, compression bandaging and gentle stretches and exercises designed to increase strength and range of motion.
Treating knee pain due to a fall, accident or another injury that resulted in a bone fracture or break might include pain medications along with casting or bracing, electronic bone stimulation and physical therapy. Surgery may be required, depending on the nature and severity of the injury.
Strains and tears to the knee ligaments are a common type of sports injury. When there is damage to the ACL, PCL or MCL—three different ligaments in the knee—surgery may be a necessary part of treatment to correct the problem and thereby reduce knee pain. Other treatments for knee pain from ligament injuries include NSAIDs or other pain medications along with cold and heat therapy, wearing a brace or compression bandage and elevating the knee as much as possible to promote recovery.
Pain from a dislocated kneecap can be treated with ice packs to reduce swelling along with reduced activity and pain medication. Physical therapy exercises to gradually increase strength and range of motion will also play an important part in reducing knee pain and promoting recovery. In rare cases, surgery may be required to treat pain and damage from a dislocated kneecap.
Treating Knee Pain Due to Mechanical Problems
Knee pain from iliotibial (IT) band syndrome can be treated with rest, NSAIDs, topical anti-inflammatory medications, massage and special stretching techniques. Exercises designed to strengthen the core, hip and buttock muscles are also helpful in reducing knee pain from IT band syndrome.
Videos About Potential Knee Pain Treatments
- Fluoroschopic Guided Steroid Injection
- Intrathecal Pump Implant
- PRP for Knee Arthritis
- Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant
- Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant (Trial Procedure)
- Trigger Point Injections